Five Effective Trading Strategies that Make Use of the MACD As a result of its ability to spot opportunities in a variety of financial markets, the Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD) Technical Indicator is widely regarded as one of the most critical indicators in the field of technical analysis.

You probably weren’t aware of this, but this particular technical indicator not only assists us in determining whether the trend is bullish or bearish but also assists us in our trading by providing us with entry and exit levels for the stock.

In light of this, in today’s article, we will go over five different trading strategies that make use of the indicator, and we will also go over how to incorporate these trading methodologies into your existing trading system.

What does it mean when the Moving Average Convergence Divergence is negative?

The moving average convergence divergence indicator is one of the most common types of indicators utilised in technical analysis.

Because it is a trend-following momentum indicator, it analyses the momentum of an asset to determine whether or not the asset is trending upward or downward. It is possible to use it to generate trading signals and find trading opportunities.

The Convergence of the Moving Averages An independent window displaying the divergence indicator can be found directly below the chart. A histogram that includes an auxiliary line is how it appears to be laid out.

The histogram illustrates the difference in direction that exists between two moving averages. As one moving average gets further away from the other, the histogram bars get longer; conversely, the bars get shorter as the moving averages get closer together.

In the MACD histogram, rapid movements will be represented by long bars, whereas flat movements will be represented by short bars.

12, 26, and 9 are the values used by default for the indicator. On the other hand, it is important to point out that many traders get the two lines on the indicator’s chart confused with simple moving averages.

Remember that the lines represent exponential moving averages, which will react to recent price changes with a greater degree of sensitivity than a standard moving average would (SMA).

Therefore, the MACD lines are depicted as an EMA with a 12-period and a 26-period time frame.

After going over the fundamentals of these technical trend indicators, let’s move on to a discussion of some of the trading strategies that can be used in conjunction with these indicators:

Strategies for Traders Using the MACD

crossings over

The MACD line and the signal line can both be used in a manner that is analogous to that of a stochastic oscillator, with the crossover between the two lines indicating when it is appropriate to buy or sell.

As is the case with the vast majority of crossover strategies, a buy signal is generated when the line that represents the MACD indicator (which is shorter-term and more reactive) crosses above the line that represents the signal line (which is slower). When the MACD line does the opposite and crosses below the signal line, this is interpreted as a bearish sell signal.

Waiting for a movement to take place before opening a position is fundamental to the crossover strategy because, by its very nature, it is a lagging trading approach.

When there is less volatility in the market, the MACD’s most significant limitation is that the price can have already reached a turning point by the time a signal is generated. A ‘false signal’ is the term that’s used to describe something like this. Techniques that rely on price action for signal confirmation are commonly regarded as having a higher degree of dependability, which should be mentioned.

MACD Histogram

The histogram, in which the bars show the difference between the MACD lines and the signal lines, is probably the most beneficial part of the MACD indicator.

The height of the histogram will increase when the price of the market moves quickly in a single direction, and it will decrease when the price of the market moves more slowly.

As the bars on the histogram move further away from zero, the two moving average lines begin to move further and further apart from one another.

Following the initial period of expansion, there is a good chance that a hump-like shape will manifest itself; this indicates that the moving averages are once again converging, which can be a precursor to a crossing.

Zero Crosses

The zero-cross method is based on any exponential moving averages (EMAs) crossing the zero line. If the MACD crosses the zero line from below, this may indicate the beginning of a new uptrend. On the other hand, if the MACD crosses from above, this may indicate the beginning of a new downtrend.

Due to the fact that this signal is the slowest of the three, you will notice fewer signals overall, as well as fewer false reversals. When the MACD line moves above zero, it is time to buy; when it moves below zero, it is time to sell; and when it moves in either direction, it is time to close either a long or short position.

Because of the delayed nature of this strategy, it should only be used with extreme caution in volatile markets that are quick and choppy. Otherwise, the indicators will frequently arrive too late to be of any use. However, as a strategy for delivering reversal indications for significant sweeping advances, this can be quite valuable and should not be overlooked.

MACD, in addition to the Relative Vigor Index

An oscillator known as the relative vitality index compares the stock’s closing price to the price range it has been trading in.

The calculation is not entirely straightforward. To put it another way, the RVI can be considered the stochastic oscillator’s first cousin once removed.

By including an oscillator, it is possible to provide additional context for scenarios involving overbought or oversold conditions. This provides context for the MACD stock indicator, confirming whether the trend’s momentum or strength is still intact.

The primary objective of combining these two tools is to achieve matching of crossings.

To put it another way, if one of the indicators already has a cross, we have to wait for the other indicator to cross in the same manner before continuing. When something like this occurs, we will either buy or sell.

The Money Flow Index and the MACD

The money flow index is yet another type of oscillator; it takes into account both price and volume data.

Because extreme readings on the money flow index require both price movement and volume spikes to produce, the index will generate fewer buy and sell signals than other oscillators due to this requirement.

With this strategy, you will combine the overbought/oversold signals provided by the money flow index with the crossing of the MACD stock indicator (MFI). When the MFI indicates that a stock is overbought, we watch for a bearish cross of the MACD lines and act accordingly. In the event that this takes place, we will have no choice but to cut back.

In the same way, it works when looked at from the opposite perspective. The combination of an oversold MFI reading and a bullish cross of the MACD lines generates a long signal. Consequently, we will continue to hold our position until the signal line of the MACD breaks the trigger line in the opposite direction.

MACD Divergence Strategy

MACD divergence occurs when the price moves in the opposite direction of the MACD indicator. Bullish divergence happens when the price forms lower lows while the MACD indicator forms higher lows. A bearish divergence occurs when the price includes higher highs while the MACD indicator forms lower highs. Traders interpret these divergences as potential trend reversals.


The MACD is a versatile technical indicator that provides valuable insights into price trends, momentum, and potential trend reversals.

By incorporating the strategies discussed in this article, traders can enhance their decision-making process and improve the accuracy of their trading signals.

However, it’s crucial to consider other factors and indicators alongside the MACD to validate trade setups and manage risk effectively.

Indicators and strategies can be very confusing when just beginning their career as a trader. If we have the right information and the necessary expertise, however, they might prove to be helpful additions to our trading activities.

How is the MACD line calculated?

The Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD) is a popular technical indicator used to identify potential trend reversals, generate buy and sell signals, and assess the strength of price momentum.

How can the MACD histogram be used in trading?

The MACD histogram represents the difference between the MACD and signal lines. Traders can observe the histogram to identify changes in momentum and validate trend signals.

What is a bullish MACD crossover?

A bullish MACD crossover occurs when the MACD line crosses above the signal line, generating a buy signal and suggesting a potential uptrend.


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